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Be careful with light and heat
Light and heat can affect gemstone durability and colour. Gemstones can also fade. Pearls and other delicate materials, such as ivory, will bleach under extreme exposure to light. Other gems can darken over time when exposed to too much light.
Excessive heat and sudden temperature changes may also fracture some gems. Heat can easily remove the natural moisture these gems need to keep their beauty. Pearls can dry out, crack and lose the colour that the once had.
Keep your jewellery away from chemicals
Exposure to chemicals can even damage or discolour precious metals like platinum, gold and silver and may harm some coloured gems. Even everyday substances like hairspray, lotion, perfume or other cosmetics can contain chemicals that will permanently damage the surface of your pearls and other delicate or porous gems (like turquoise). Fine jewellery should be removed before using chlorinated swimming pools or before using household cleaners. Many of these cleaners contain ammonia, which can be too harsh for delicate gems and jewellery. Chlorine bleach and other common household solvents and cleaners can also damage gold alloys.
Give treated gems special care
Many gemstones are routinely treated to improve the appearance of colour and clarity. These treatments can be negatively affected by heat, solvents, steam and ultrasonic cleaners. Gemstones that are susceptible to heat and temperature changes whether they are treated or not.
Easy cleaning methods
Most coloured gems can be cleaned with warm water, mild dish soap (no detergents) and a soft brush. A soft, lint-free cloth can also be used. Rinse your jewellery in a glass of water to remove cleaning solutions since you risk losing loose stones – or even an entire piece of jewellery - if you rinse directly in the sink.
Soft gems, such as pearls can easily scratch. Use a new, clean makeup brush and warm, soapy water to softly clean them. Lay a strand of pearls on a towel to dry. The wet silk thread can stretch − and attract dirt − so don’t touch your strand until it is completely dry.
Take your jewellery off before you
Exercise at the gym
Style your hair with products
Use cleansing toners on your face/body
Hair removal creams
Avoid allowing spraying perfume directly on to your jewellery and semi-precious stones.
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Take care of your jewellery and keep your gems sparkling
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